Let's add


Step 1We can't add two fractions with different denominators (the bottom number). So you need to get a common denominator  both bottom numbers need to match. To do this, you'll multiply the denominators times each other... but the numerators have to change, too. They get multiplied by the other term's denominator. So we multiply 4 by 12, and get 48, then we multiply 10 by 12 and get 120. Do the same for the second term. We multiply 10 by 10, and get 100, then multiply 10 by 12 and get 120. So now our fractions look like this:


Step 2Since our denominators match, we can add the numerators. 48 + 100 = 148 Now we have an answer.


Step 3Last of all, we need to simplify the fraction, if possible. Can it be reduced to a simpler fraction? To find out, we try dividing it by 2... Are both the numerator and the denominator evenly divisible by 2? Yes! So we reduce it:
Let's try dividing by that again... Are both the numerator and the denominator evenly divisible by 2? Yes! So we reduce it:
Let's try dividing by that again... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 3... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 5... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 7... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 11... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 13... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 17... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 19... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 23... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 29... Nope! So now we try the next greatest prime number, 31... No good. 31 is larger than 30. So we're done reducing. There you have it! Here's the final answer to 4/10 + 10/12
