Here's how we add


Step 1We can't add two fractions with different denominators (the bottom number). So you need to get a common denominator  both bottom numbers need to match. To do this, you'll multiply the denominators times each other... but the numerators have to change, too. They get multiplied by the other term's denominator. So we multiply 3 by 9, and get 27, then we multiply 12 by 9 and get 108. Do the same for the second term. We multiply 8 by 12, and get 96, then multiply 12 by 9 and get 108. So now our fractions look like this:


Step 2Since our denominators match, we can add the numerators. 27 + 96 = 123 So the answer is:


Step 3Last of all, we need to simplify the fraction, if possible. Can it be reduced to a simpler fraction? To find out, we try dividing it by 2... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 3... Are both the numerator and the denominator evenly divisible by 3? Yes! So we reduce it:
So far so good... let's try to divide by that number again. No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 5... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 7... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 11... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 13... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 17... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 19... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 23... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 29... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 31... No good. So next you try the next prime number, which is 37... No good. 37 is larger than 36. So we're done reducing. And we're done! Here's the final answer to 3/12 + 8/9
